Compressor having a clutch device

Abstract

The invention relates to a compressor for generating compressed air in a vehicle, having a crankshaft and an interface area set up for fastening a clutch device, by means of which the crankshaft of the compressor can be connected to or disconnected from a drive device. According to the invention, the interface area is designed for receiving an annular, crucible-shaped receptacle element, and the crucible-shaped receptacle element is designed as a cylinder for receiving a piston that can be acted on by a pressure medium for actuating the clutch device.

Claims

1 . Compressor ( 1 ) for generating compressed air in a vehicle, having a crankshaft ( 12 ) and having an interface region ( 40 ) which is designed for fastening to a clutch device ( 3 ) by means of which the crankshaft ( 12 ) of the compressor ( 1 ) can be connected to and separated from a drive device, characterized in that the interface region ( 40 ) is designed for receiving an annular, pot-shaped receiving element ( 22 ), and the pot-shaped receiving element ( 22 ) is of cylinder-shaped design in order to receive a piston ( 19 ), which can be acted on with pressure medium, for actuating the clutch device ( 3 ). 2 . Compressor according to claim 1 , characterized in that the pot-shaped receiving element ( 22 ) can be fixed in a depression of the compressor housing by means of a corrugated locking ring ( 24 ). 3 . Compressor according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the clutch device ( 3 ) can be fastened on the crankshaft ( 12 ) by means of a collar nut ( 29 ). 4 . Compressor according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the clutch device ( 3 ) is arranged on the compressor housing ( 2 ) and projects out of the housing ( 2 ) of the compressor ( 1 ) at least with a region comprising at least one coupling means ( 18 ). 5 . Compressor according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the compressor ( 1 ) has, in the interface region ( 40 ), rotation-preventing locking means ( 31 , 32 ) which can be placed in engagement with complementarily shaped rotation-preventing locking means of the pot-shaped receiving element ( 22 ), as a result of which, when mounted on the compressor ( 1 ), the pot-shaped receiving element ( 22 ) is locked so as to be prevented from rotating by means of the rotation-preventing locking means ( 31 , 32 ). 6 . Compressor according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the compressor ( 1 ) has, in the interface region ( 40 ), a crankshaft bearing ( 23 ) which, when the clutch device ( 3 ) is mounted on the compressor ( 1 ), is simultaneously a bearing of the clutch device ( 3 ). 7 . Compressor according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the compressor ( 1 ) has, in the interface region ( 40 ), at least one crankshaft bearing ( 23 ) which protrudes at least partially out of the housing ( 2 ) of the compressor ( 1 ), wherein the protruding part is a centring means ( 26 ) for centring the pot-shaped receiving element ( 22 ) on the crankshaft ( 12 ). 8 . Compressor according to claim 7 , characterized in that the centring means ( 26 ) is assigned to a centring shoulder ( 25 , 28 ) on the pot-shaped receiving element ( 22 ) and comes into contact with the centring shoulder ( 25 , 28 ) when the pot-shaped receiving element ( 22 ) is mounted on the compressor ( 1 ).
[0001] The present invention generally relates to embodiments of a compressor for generating compressed air in a vehicle, including as per the preamble of claim 1 . The compressor can be separated from or connected to a drive by means of a clutch device, for example a shut-off clutch. [0002] A generic compressor is known for example from DE 20 2006 019 190 U1. [0003] The use of the known shut-off clutch on compressors has the advantage that the compressor can be separated from a drive, for example the drive engine of the vehicle, in order to save energy when no compressed air generation is required. Without such a shut-off clutch, it has hitherto been conventional for the compressor to always be driven along by the drive engine and to merely be switched into a pneumatically neutral state in phases in which no compressed air generation was required. [0004] In the case of known compressors, it was necessary for these to be structurally adapted to the clutch device such that the compressor and clutch device form a unit. An adaptation of the structure of the compressor however requires in each case a relatively expensive and complex change of the production facilities, in particular of the casting moulds. [0005] Therefore, it is an object of the invention to improve the interface between the compressor and the clutch device such that the adaptation expenditure is reduced. [0006] This object can be achieved by means of the inventive embodiments recited in the independent claims. The dependent claims recite further advantageous features. [0007] The inventive embodiments have the advantage of specifying a modular concept for the compressor and the clutch device. The compressor may be used and sold both without and with a clutch device. The clutch device may be connected to the compressor as a separate auxiliary module. In this way, compressors can be produced with a uniform housing for applications both with and without a clutch device, which leads to a rationalization in terms of production. [0008] According to an embodiment of the present invention, an annular, pot-shaped receiving element is provided, which can be produced and provided as a separate component. The pot-shaped receiving element is adapted in terms of its shape to the interface region of the compressor and can be mounted thereon in a simple manner. Through the use of different pot-shaped receiving elements as adapters, it is possible for different combinations of compressors and clutch devices to be connected to one another. The relatively complex adaptation of the compressor housing or of parts of the clutch device is thereby made superfluous. [0009] Furthermore, the pot-shaped receiving element can be of cylinder-shaped design. The pot-shaped receiving element is designed for receiving a piston, which can be acted on with pressure medium, for actuating the clutch device. As pressure medium, consideration is given for example to compressed air or pressurized oil. In this way, the pot-shaped receiving element serves additionally for the integration of the piston required for the actuation of the clutch. It is advantageously possible for an actuating piston pre-mounted in the receiving element to be arranged as a structural unit on the compressor. In this way, the clutch device can be arranged on the compressor in an easy-to-assemble manner. Furthermore, use may be made of a structural unit, which has been checked for functionality in advance, composed of pot-shaped receiving element and actuating piston, which reduces the testing expenditure for the finished compressor-clutch unit. [0010] In one advantageous embodiment of the invention, the pot-shaped receiving element can be fixed in a depression of the compressor housing by means of a corrugated locking ring. The use of a corrugated locking ring permits not only secure fastening but at the same time also play-free mounting of the pot-shaped receiving element. As a result of the corrugated contour of the locking ring, a certain preload is imparted to the pot-shaped receiving element, such that the latter is held in a play-free manner. [0011] In another embodiment of the invention, the clutch device can be fastened on the crankshaft by means of a collar nut. It is advantageously possible here for a relatively flat collar nut to be used. Simple and simultaneously space-saving mounting of the clutch device on the crankshaft is possible in this way. [0012] Further embodiments of the invention will be explained in more detail below with reference to the drawings, with further advantages being specified. [0013] The invention will be explained in more detail below on the basis of exemplary embodiments, with reference to drawings, in which: [0014] FIG. 1 is a schematic illustration of a two-cylinder compressor; [0015] FIG. 2 is a sectional view showing the compressor/clutch device interface; and [0016] FIG. 3 is a view of the compressor from the shaft side. [0017] In the figures, the same reference numerals are used for corresponding elements. [0018] FIG. 1 shows a compressor 1 having a compressor housing 2 , and a clutch device 3 which is arranged on the compressor housing 2 . The clutch device 3 is designed as a pneumatically actuable shut-off clutch. For this purpose, the clutch device 3 has a pneumatic actuating cylinder 19 by means of which, when it is subjected to pneumatic loading, coupling means 18 , for example clutch plates or clutch discs, can be pressed against one another or separated from one another. The clutch device 3 connects a crankshaft 12 of the compressor 1 via a clutch drive shaft 21 to a drive output shaft of a drive device (not illustrated in granular detail) of a vehicle, for example the vehicle engine. The clutch drive shaft 21 may be provided with a receptacle for a gearwheel for a gearwheel drive. [0019] The compressor 1 has a first cylinder 8 and a second cylinder 9 . A first piston 6 is arranged in the first cylinder 8 . A second piston 7 is arranged in the second cylinder 9 . The first piston 6 is connected to the crankshaft 12 via a first connecting rod 10 and corresponding bearings. The second piston 7 is connected to the crankshaft 12 via a second connecting rod 11 and likewise via corresponding bearings. The mounting of the pistons 6 , 7 and of the crankshaft 12 in the corresponding bearing eyes of the connecting rods 10 , 11 is illustrated merely schematically in FIG. 1 for simplicity. In practice, suitable plain or rolling bearings are used for this purpose. The cylinders 8 , 9 are arranged in a cylinder housing 4 of the compressor 1 . The cylinder housing 4 is part of the housing 2 . [0020] Arranged on the cylinder housing 4 is a valve and control block 5 , which comprises for example the inlet and outlet valves for the compressed-air induction and for the compressed-air discharge to downstream units such as for example compressed-air storage reservoirs. The valve block 5 may be designed, in terms of detail, for example as per DE 197 451 18 A1. [0021] For lubrication of the pistons 6 , 7 in the respective cylinders 8 , 9 , the compressor 1 has a lubricant supply. As lubricant, use is made for example of oil, for example the engine oil of the vehicle engine. The lubricant supply of the compressor 1 has a lubricant port 14 for connecting to the engine oil supply of the vehicle engine. From the lubricant port 14 , a first lubricant duct 15 leads through the housing 2 to a lubricant supply groove 16 , which runs around the crankshaft 12 . The lubricant supply groove 16 is connected to a lubricant supply duct section 13 , which runs in the form of a hollow duct within the crankshaft 12 . The duct section 13 is connected to outlet points for the lubricant in the region of the connecting rods 10 , 11 . The use of the encircling lubricant supply groove 16 has the advantage that the lubricant can disperse over the circumference of the crankshaft 12 and thereby be introduced relatively quickly and uniformly into the lubricant duct section 13 . [0022] The lubricant is conventionally pressurized and is at a pressure of approximately 3 to 4 bar. In this way, a supply of lubricant is possible independently of the movement of the compressor, that is to say even when the compressor is stationary. [0023] As can also be seen from FIG. 1 , in one advantageous embodiment of the invention, the clutch device 3 protrudes beyond the housing 2 of the compressor 1 , that is to say the clutch device is not integrated into the housing, as is known from DE 20 2006 019 190 U1. The clutch device 3 protrudes at least with a region that comprises the coupling means 18 , for example the clutch disc or plate part, out of the housing 2 of the compressor 1 . The external arrangement of the clutch device offers the advantage of modularity. The inventive compressor can therefore be used, without any structural changes, both with and without a clutch device. If required, the clutch device 3 is merely screwed onto the housing 2 of the compressor 1 . [0024] The region 20 bordered by a dashed line in FIG. 1 is illustrated in FIG. 2 in the form of an enlarged detail. FIG. 2 shows an interface region 40 of the compressor 1 to the clutch device 3 in a horizontal sectional illustration. As is shown, the crankshaft 12 is mounted in the housing 2 by means of a ball bearing 23 . An annular, pot-shaped receiving element 22 is arranged in a depression of the compressor housing, which receiving element is held in the illustrated position by means of a corrugated locking ring 24 . For this purpose, the pot-shaped receiving element 22 has an annularly outwardly flanged edge 27 on which the locking ring 24 is seated. [0025] The pot-shaped receiving element 22 simultaneously serves as a cylinder for a compressed-air-actuable piston 19 . The compressed-air-actuable piston 19 is sealed off with respect to the pot-shaped receiving element 22 by means of seals 35 , 36 at the inside and at the outside. Also situated on the outside of the piston 19 is a guide belt 37 . The piston 19 serves for actuating the clutch device 3 . When subjected to compressed air loading, the piston 19 is deployed to the right in the illustration of FIG. 2 and hereby opens the clutch device 3 , or the coupling means 18 . The crankshaft 12 is then separated from the drive shaft 21 , which is connected to the drive device, of the clutch device 3 , such that the compressor 1 is not driven. [0026] As can also be seen from FIG. 2 , the bearing 23 protrudes with a section 26 out of the compressor housing 2 . The section 26 serves simultaneously as a centring means for the pot-shaped receiving element 22 . For this purpose, the pot-shaped receiving element 22 is provided with a centring shoulder, that is to say an annular depression 25 , 28 , which is matched in terms of its diameter to the outer diameter of the bearing 23 . Simple and fast centred mounting of the pot-shaped receiving element 22 on the compressor housing 2 is possible by means of the centring shoulder 25 , 28 and the centring means 26 . The bearing 23 advantageously simultaneously serves for mounting the shaft 21 of the clutch device 3 . In this way, aside from the needle-roller bearings provided in the clutch device 3 in any case for a free wheel, no additional bearings and no further housing is required, which promotes a relatively cheap realization of the invention. [0027] The clutch device 3 is fastened on the crankshaft 12 by means of the collar nut 29 . [0028] FIG. 3 shows a detail of the compressor 1 in a view from the side of the shaft, with the clutch device 3 not mounted. The pot-shaped receiving element 22 has rotation-preventing locking means in the form of projecting lugs which engage with complementarily shaped rotation-preventing locking means 31 , 32 integrally formed in the compressor housing. The rotation-preventing locking means 31 , 32 are formed as depressions in the compressor housing 2 . It is also conceivable for the rotation-preventing locking means 31 , 32 to be formed in the compressor housing 2 as projecting locking lugs, and for the rotation-preventing locking means, formed complementarily thereto, in the pot-shaped receiving element 22 to be formed as depressions. The pot-shaped receiving element 22 can be locked, so as to be prevented from rotating relative to the compressor 1 , by the rotation-preventing locking means. [0029] As is evident from the above explanations, the pot-shaped receiving element 22 constitutes a significant improvement in the region of the interface between a compressor and a clutch device. The pot-shaped receiving element is, so to speak, a multifunctional part which integrates a multiplicity of structural improvements together in the interface region 40 . The pot-shaped receiving element may advantageously be produced relatively cheaply as a metal deep-drawn part. The inventive embodiments can be realized cheaply in this way.

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Patent Citations (4)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-4561827-ADecember 31, 1985Lucas Industries LimitedAir compressor having condition responsive clutch control
    US-4632639-ADecember 30, 1986Lucas Industries LimitedAir compressor with pre-loaded spring clutch
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    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle